TOEFL Test Format

TOEFL iBT test is an English language proficiency test that determines a candidate's skills in four major components – Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.

TOEFL Exam structure is such that the test of all the four components is conducted on the same day and it takes about 4 hours.

This test also includes integrated tasks in order to measure test taker’s combined skills just as they would require to do in an academic curriculum. The integrated tasks include:

  • Read, listen and then speak
  • Listen and then speak
  • Read, listen and then write

TOEFL exam starts with Reading section, followed by Listening, Speaking and at last the Writing section. There will be a break of 10 minutes between the Listening and Speaking sections. The break is mandatory for all the candidates.

TOEFL Test Format


The TOEFL reading section checks a candidate’s ability to understand Academic Written English. It comprises of 3-4 passages. These reading passages cover a wide variety of topics including art, science, history and social science.

Time: No. of Questions:
60-80 minutes 12-14 per passage


TOEFL Listening section assesses a test taker’s ability to understand both academic lectures as well as conversations that are mostly based upon the university life. This section consists of 4-6 lectures and 2-3 conversations.

Time: No. of Questions:
60-90 minutes 6 questions per lecture & 5 questions per conversation


TOEFL Speaking section is the shortest of all the four components. It involves independent and integrated tasks.

Time: No. of Questions:
20 minutes 2 independent & 4 integrated tasks

Independent Task: Test taker requires to express his/her opinion in brief on a given task. He/she have to speak for at least 1 minute.

Integrated Task: In this task, a candidate requires to use information from Listening and Reading in his/her response. There are 2 tasks that demands to read, listen and then speak. While there are 2 tasks that only require to listen and speak.


The TOEFL Writing section demands you to write two essays. One for an independent task and other for an integrated task.

No. of Questions: 1 Integrated Task No. of Question: 1 Independent Task
Time: 20 minutes Time: 30 minutes

Independent Task: This task involves writing a persuasive essay. A candidate must express his opinions and provide appropriate support to justify them.

Integrated Task: In this task, an excerpt from a lecture, excerpt from a written article and a question is given. Test taker requires to use information from the lecture as well as the article to write an answer of the provided question.